Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the consumption of gluten

8/7/20231 min read


Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the consumption of gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When individuals with celiac disease ingest gluten, their immune system reacts by attacking the lining of the small intestine, causing inflammation and damage to the villi—tiny finger-like projections responsible for nutrient absorption. This leads to malabsorption of nutrients and can result in a range of symptoms such as digestive issues, fatigue, weight loss, and skin problems.

Diagnosis involves blood tests for specific antibodies and confirmation through an intestinal biopsy. The only effective treatment is a strict gluten-free diet, which requires avoiding all foods containing wheat, barley, and rye derivatives. Adhering to this diet helps heal the intestine and alleviates symptoms. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity shares similar symptoms but lacks the autoimmune response seen in celiac disease. It's crucial for individuals with celiac disease to manage their diet carefully to prevent complications and maintain their overall health.